Which of the following drugs should NOT be administered to a patient in order to alleviate symptoms of an acute asthmatic attack?
“Combined use of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids and
oral corticosteroids at the time of discharge from the
emergency department is recommended to reduce the risk
of relapse of the asthma exacerbation.” frm the article, you can use steroids apparently
According to the mentioned reference, if beta 2 adrenergic agonist is not responsive then we need to use adrenaline subcutaneously or intramuscular, because it the last option and will save the pts life. Hydrocortisone although proved to be effective if used in the 1st hour to minimise the need for hospital stay, but will not save pts life if all others fail
“Concerns have been raised about the safety of
intravenously administered epinephrine for acute asthma,132
but additional research is warranted. Intravenous administration
of β2-adrenergic bronchodilators or intramuscular or subcutaneous
administration of epinephrine133 should be reserved
for patients who are unable to use or who are unresponsive to
the inhaled route. Such patients may require intubation and
The most likely diagnosis for a patient with an interincisal opening of 30mm before feeling pain and a maximum opening of 44mm with pain is
A. internal derangement of the TMJ with reduction.
B. internal derangement of the TMJ without reduction.
C. tetani of the masticatory muscles.
D. subluxation of the TMJ.
E. myofascial pain.
A bite-wing radiograph of tooth 1.4 reveals caries penetrating one third into the mesial enamel. The most appropriate management of tooth 1.4 is to
A. place an amalgam restoration.
B. place a porcelain inlay.
C. place a direct composite restoration.
D. apply fluoride and improve oral hygiene.
Which of the following characteristics is NOT seen in all patients with aggressive periodontitis ?
A. Rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.
B. Amount of microbial deposits inconsistent with disease severity.
C. Diseased sites infected with Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans.
D. Familial aggregation of diseased individuals.
In a patient with renal failure, which of the following does/do need a dose interval adjustment?
1 Penicillin V.
A. (1) (2) (3)
B. (1) and (3)
C. (2) and (4)
D. (4) only
E. All of the above
Shortly after the administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block , a healthy adult patient rapidly develops facial rash.
Which of the following signs and symptoms should be watched for before initiating the planned dental treatment
1.pallor and perspiration
2.shortness of breath
4. Edema of the lips
A. 1 23
B 1 3
Residual soft tissue interdental craters not associated with underlying bony changes are eliminated by
A. root planing.
B. subgingival curettage.
C. flap operation.
E. None of the above
A significant anatomic difference between the peri-implant marginal soft tissue and the gingival marginal tissue of a tooth exists in the
A. epithelial attachment.
B. type of collagen.
C. vascular supply.
D. sulcular epithelium
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